Native American history of Alaska.pdf

Native American history of Alaska PDF

Source: Wikipedia. Pages: 30. Chapters: Adamagan, Aleut people, Anangula Archeological District, Arctic small tool tradition, Birnirk Site, Gallagher Flint Station Archeological Site, Haida people, History of the Tlingit, Kijik Archeological District, Maniilaq, Maritime Fur Trade, Norton tradition, Onion Portage Archeological District, Paleo-Arctic Tradition, Paleo-Eskimo, Prehistory of Alaska, Thule people, Yukon Island Main Site. Excerpt: The Maritime fur trade was a ship-based fur trade system that focused on acquiring furs of sea otters and other animals from the indigenous peoples of the Pacific Northwest Coast and natives of Alaska. The furs were mostly sold in China in exchange for tea, silks, porcelain, and other Chinese goods, which were then sold in Europe and the United States. The maritime fur trade was pioneered by Russians, working east from Kamchatka along the Aleutian Islands to the southern coast of Alaska. British and Americans entered during the 1780s, focusing on what is now the coast of British Columbia. The trade boomed around the beginning of the 19th century. A long period of decline began in the 1810s. As the sea otter population was depleted, the maritime fur trade diversified and transformed, tapping new markets and commodities while continuing to focus on the Northwest Coast and China. It lasted until the middle to late 19th century. Russians controlled most of the coast of what is now Alaska during the entire era. The coast south of Alaska saw fierce competition between, and among, British and American trading vessels. The British were the first to operate in the southern sector, but were unable to compete against the Americans who dominated from the 1790s to the 1830s. The British Hudsons Bay Company entered the coast trade in the 1820s with the intention of driving the Americans away. This was accomplished by about 1840. In its late period the maritime fur trade was largely conducted by the British Hudsons Bay Company and the Russian-American Company. The term maritime fur trade was coined by historians to distinguish the coastal, ship-based fur trade from the continental, land-based fur trade of, for example, the North West Company and American Fur Company. Historically, the maritime fur trade was not known by that name, rather it was usually called the North West Coast trade or North West Trade. The term North West was rarely spelled as the single word Northw

Aug 12, 2019 ... Taken from the view of a bowhead whale, the important dates in Alaska history shift back in time, their significance driven not by politicians but by ...

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Native American history of Alaska.pdf


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